Despite best efforts to reduce or transfer risk, a food crisis can still materialize. Grain prices may spike, or the availability of critical food stuffs may be compromised as a result of adverse weather events, conflicts, pest infestations, or other factors. When faced with such circumstances, dryland countries need an arsenal of emergency response measures at their disposal.

Global Dryland Alliance aims to create a unified and coherent response to cope with a crisis once it has occurred.

GDA will initiate a process, upon its launch, for the member nations to agree on a set of crisis response measures or mechanism that is based on needs assessment. Needs assessment will provide an analysis of each member country’s exposure and vulnerability to food crisis; identifying member nations’ risks and evaluating existing capacity to manage these risks and respond to a food crisis.

One method of crisis response is through creation of a mechanism for sharing grain reserves with member countries experiencing a food crisis. GDA is currently investigating the viability of implementing this measure.

Other measures of crisis response in emergencies include making in kind transfers or distributing food rations to minimize impact on populations, instituting price controls on grains and other critical foodstuffs in collaboration with other GDA members, and agreeing to refrain from imposing export restrictions on grains and other critical foodstuffs in trade among GDA members.